The Use of Seismic Attributes to Enhance Structural Interpretation of Z-Field, Onshore Niger Delta

E. A. Ayolabi, A. O. Adigun

Abstract


An integrated approach to the study of the structural patterns and seismic attributes was carried out on the Z-field using a 3D seismic data covering approximately 56 Km2 of western belt of the Niger Delta, checkshot data for well to seismic tie and log information for six wells from the field. This study aimed at investigating the available prospects, the responses of the basic seismic attributes to structural and stratigraphic elements within the study area. In all, six hydrocarbon bearing levels were delineated from well logs and correlated across the field. These horizons were analysed and petrophysical parameters estimated. An integration of well and seismic data was done by applying a time-depth relationship to identify where the hydrocarbon bearing sands from well posts on the seismic lines. These studies revealed two major regional growth faults (F1 and F5) dipping in the NE-SW directions and crestal faults (F4) dipping in the northern direction. The north dipping crestal fault F4 is responsible for holding the hydrocarbon in the proven closure A. The northernmost regional growth fault F1 is responsible for trapping the hydrocarbon in the prospect closure B in the north eastern part of the field. The closure C prospect is a four way dip closure to the spill point but becomes fault assisted on regional growth faults F1 and F5 at deeper levels. The trapping mechanism identified from our interpretation indicates that the field is characterized mostly by fault assisted closures and a few four way closures. The fault zones are identified by distinct displacement of walls and amplitude distortions towards the fault zones identified on the seismic sections and the extracted amplitude maps. At the south-western part of the field, using only seismic Stratigraphic approach, a part of fault F5 was too subtle to be identified, and this may lead to missing out on the potentials of the identified closure C prospect. Thus, where conventional seismic interpretation has failed, seismic attribute analysis complements.


Full Text: PDF DOI: 10.5539/esr.v2n2p223

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Earth Science Research   ISSN 1927-0542 (Print)   ISSN 1927-0550 (Online)
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