Role of Tropical Convective Cells in the Observed Middle Atmospheric Gravity Wave Properties from Two Distant Low Latitude Stations

A. Taori, S. Raizada, M. Venkat Ratnam, C. A. Tepley, D. Nath, A. Jayaraman


We investigate the role of convective processes in triggering middle atmospheric gravity waves with the help of simultaneous measurements of middle atmospheric temperature variability from two tropical stations, Gadanki (13.5oN, 79.2oE) and Arecibo (18.3oN, 66.7oW). Our data reveal that some of the wave periods are similar at both locations indicating the source regions of waves to be similar at both the stations. However, the potential energies of short period gravity waves are found to be significantly higher over Gadanki compared to that at Arecibo. The most striking observation is that background wind conditions were similar and convective processes occurred very close to Gadanki compared to Arecibo. In the view absence of other wave sources during the period of observations, we suggest the strength as well as the distance of convective cells from the location of the observations is responsible for the observed differences in gravity wave spectrum and energies.

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