Girish Karnad’s Tughlaq and Ali Ahmed Bakathir’s Sir Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah: A Study of the Inhuman Faces of Tyranny

Mashhoor Abdu Al-Moghales


This paper discusses tyranny, the abuse of power and religion, and loss of human values during the reign of two well-known ancient Muslim rulers, namely, Al-Hakim bi Amr Allah (The Ruler by God’s Command), the sixth Fatimid Khalif of Egypt (996-1021) and Mohammed bin Tughlaq (1325-1351 AD) who is known as an eccentric ruler of India. Girish Karnad’s Tughlaq (India) and Ali Ahmed Bakathir’s Sir Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah (Egypt) deal with the unfair practices of those two similar rulers over their people and the struggle of the people against them. They played dirty tricks of politics and religion during their reign. The paper also presents the crisis of values of those rulers who appear to be like the wild beasts killing innocent people to protect their crowns. Though, these two rulers belonged to the Islamic culture, which calls for justice, equality and peace; they wrecked havoc and posed to be god-like. They had established rules, contrary to the Quran and the teachings of Islam, and punished people for their disobedience.

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English Language and Literature Studies   ISSN 1925-4768 (Print)   ISSN 1925-4776 (Online)   E-mail:

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