Canonical Correlations Between Body Posture Variables and Postural Stability in Children with Scoliosis and Scoliotic Posture
- Jacek Wilczynski
- Natalia Habik
- Katarzyna Bieniek
- Sylwia Janecka
- Przemyslaw Karolak
- Igor Wilczynski
Background: The aim of the study was to analyse the correlation between body posture variables and postural stability in children with scoliosis and scoliotic posture.
Methods: Spinal examination photogrammetry used the photometric Moiré method. Based on the angle size of the of spinal curvature, scoliotic posture was determined: 1-9°, and scoliosis: ≥10°. Postural reactions were tested using the Tecnobody ST 310 Plus Stability System platform. Children attended therapy at the Inter-school Centre of Corrective and Compensatory Gymnastics in Starachowice The study was conducted in June 2011. There were 21 children with scoliotic posture (7%) and 7 with scoliosis (25%).
Results: In the canonical analysis of body posture variables, the highest share comprised of: trunk inclination angle, alpha angle, chest kyphosis angle, length of lumbar lordosis, length of lumbar lordosis/total spine length, shoulder asymmetry – right higher, shoulder asymmetry – left higher, absolute of pelvis tilt angle, coefficient of shoulder asymmetry relative to C7, primary curvature angle, length of secondary curvature/total spine length, depth of secondary curvature/total spine length.
Significance: High values of canonical correlation coefficients, despite lack of significance, indicate the possibility of strong a correlation between body postural variables and postural stability that can be demonstrated with a greater sample size.
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