Effects of Tillage System and Soil Organic Matter Amendment on Growth, Yield of Pathumthani 80 Rice and Carbon Sequestration in Paddy Soil

Kanyarat Buarach, Chaisit Thongjoo, Nawarat Udomprasert, Suphachai Amkha

Abstract


This study was conducted to determine the effect of tillage systems and soil organic amendments on rice growth, yield and carbon sequestration on paddy soil. The experiment was conducted by using 2x4 factorials in complete randomized design. The first factor was tillage systems (conventional tillage; to and minimum tillage; t1) and the second factor was soil organic amendments (mungbean; p0, sesbania; p1, sunhemp; p2 and rice straw; p3). The results demonstrated that adding organic matter derived from mungbean to the soil was the highest and significantly different of plant height and carbon stock in rice (P?0.01). The tillage system and organic matter amendment was not significantly different of rice yield. However, tillage systems with a mungbean amendment tent to increased the rice yield. Soil organic matter was the highest in sumhep amendment in soil as following by sesbania, mungbean and rice straw, respectively. In addition, minimum tillage system can increase carbon sequestration in soil at 15 cm soil depth (P?0.01).

 


Full Text: PDF DOI: 10.5539/mas.v8n4p1

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Modern Applied Science   ISSN 1913-1844 (Print)   ISSN 1913-1852 (Online)

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