The Problem of Transportation Infrastructure Development in Papua Region Indonesia
- R. Didin Kusdian
The eastern region of Indonesia, Papua, decentralized government administration has been divided into 2 (two) provinces, namely West Papua Province with provincial capital of Manokwari and Papua Province with provincial capital of Jayapura. Judging from the history of all the existing provinces, the last territory of independence becomes part of the territory of the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia. The Republic of Indonesia was established in 1945, and this easternmost region entered as part of the territory of the Republic of Indonesia in 1962. The number and density of its population are the fewest. The development of this area continues to be carried out, various concepts of development planning continue to be developed and implemented. Progress was achieved in several aspects of community life. However, the results achieved have not been as expected. The infrastructure network that has been built has not been successful in balancing the issues of inequality and equity in the context of the whole of Indonesia as a unified infrastructure system that supports all sectors of the lives of citizens, especially the economic and social sectors. Infrastructure is meant here is the infrastructure that is the responsibility of the government in the ministry of communications and the ministry of public works and public housing.
Constraints of topographic conditions, rare population, cultural perceptions, and distance coverage of the already advanced areas are issues that need to be addressed and solved alternative solutions. The system constraints of all infrastructure and the priority of which components must be built first and the priority of the location also become individual issues, which in this system will also include power supply system, fuel, and cement as the main material of infrastructure building.
This paper summarizes and discusses some of the results of discussions and studies related to the acceleration of infrastructure development in Papua.
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