Standardization and Development: Brief Discussion on Chinese Quick Transaction Mechanism of Minor Criminal Case
- Jingchao Zhao
At present, establishment of diversified Chinese quick transaction mechanism of minor criminal case has become an important project that the judicial organ have to confront due to the reason that the simple procedure set up by Criminal Law of our country is not efficient for transacting the increasing minor criminal cases. Since 2014, Standing Committee of the National People's Congress has authorized the Supreme People's Court and the Supreme People's Procuratorate to launch reform of quick transaction mechanism of minor criminal case in 14 cities like Beijing according to the overall scheme of Central judicial system reform. Since the reform, Courts around have begun to focus on protecting the lawful rights and interests of the criminal suspect and the defendant when they are establishing quick verdict program of minor criminal cases so as to ensure the justice of the case, of which useful experience has been taken.
But from the perspective of judicial practice, judicial process of places is not unified because more principled rules of quick transaction mechanism of minor criminal case are launched only by the Supreme People's Court and the Supreme People's Procuratorate. Many problems occur in practice: application and scope are not inconsistent; time is too long in handle procedures before trial, which will influence efficiency; cooperation of public security unit, the inspecting authorities, and courts are not efficient; evidence system of minor criminal cases is not perfect…… These problems have restricted the function of quick transaction mechanism. Therefore, quick transaction mechanism of minor criminal case is to be standardized.
h-index (2017): 14
i10-index (2017): 39
h5-index (2017): 9
h5-median (2017): 11
- William TaiEditorial Assistant