The Floristic Heritage Groups of the French Antilles: Operative Elements in the Planning of Natural Environments (The Example of Martinique)

Philippe Joseph, Kevine Baillard, Jean-Philippe Claude, Yelji Abati, Peguy Major, Jose Duranty, Stephane Sophie, Severine Ely-Marius

Abstract


The primary objective of the details which will be discussed in this article is to set out a general framework necessary to understand the dynamics of the multiple plant ecosystems in relation to the processes of humanisation. This will be within a conceptual orientation of human ecology, biogeography and biological ecology, integrating the time and place, as well as anthropisation and its impacts combined with the data from the studies of the dynamics of the biophysical components of the natural environments. The concepts used to support the arguments are taken from macro-ecology and the human sciences. From an overall perspective, we have highlighted the greatly expanded field of dysfunctions with a view to finding solutions. This allowed us to envisage the possibilities for the reorganisation of the environmental management of Martinique. This future management will make it possible to counteract the factors which are currently contributing to the diminishing resilience of the phytocenoses. This is because the resources associated with the latter should guarantee a sustainable development based on a balance between Nature and Society.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5539/jgg.v10n2p17

Copyright (c) 2018 Philippe JOSEPH

License URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0

Journal of Geography and Geology   ISSN 1916-9779 (Print)   ISSN 1916-9787 (Online)  Email: jgg@ccsenet.org

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