Comparing of Landsat 8 and Sentinel 2A using Water Extraction Indexes over Volta River

Clement Kwang, Edward Matthew Osei Jnr, Adwoa Sarpong Amoah

Abstract


Remote sensing data are most often used in water bodies’ extraction studies and the type of remote sensing data used also play a crucial role on the accuracy of the extracted water features. The performance of the proposed water indexes among the various satellite images is not well documented in literature. The proposed water indexes were initially developed with a particular type of data and with advancement and introduction of new satellite images especially Landsat 8 and Sentinel, therefore the need to test the level of performance of these water indexes as new image datasets emerged. Landsat 8 and Sentinel 2A image of part Volta River was used. The water indexes were performed and then ISODATA unsupervised classification was done. The overall accuracy and kappa coefficient values range from 98.0% to 99.8% and 0.94 to 0.98 respectively. Most of water bodies enhancement indexes work better on Sentinel 2A than on Landsat 8. Among the Landsat based water bodies enhancement ISODATA unsupervised classification, the modified normalized water difference index (MNDWI) and normalized water difference index (NDWI) were the best classifier while for Sentinel 2A, the MNDWI and the automatic water extraction index (AWEI_nsh) were the optimal classifier. The least performed classifier for both Landsat 8 and Sentinel 2A was the automatic water extraction index (AWEI_sh). The modified normalized water difference index (MNDWI) has proved to be the universal water bodies enhancement index because of its performance on both the Landsat 8 and Sentinel 2A image.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5539/jgg.v10n1p1

Copyright (c) 2017 Clement Kwang, Edward Matthew Osei Jnr, Adwoa Sarpong Amoah

License URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0

Journal of Geography and Geology   ISSN 1916-9779 (Print)   ISSN 1916-9787 (Online)  Email: jgg@ccsenet.org

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