AgI Cloud Seeding Modeling for Hail Suppression of Cold Clouds

Sohaila Javanmard, Mahla Karim Pirhayati

Abstract


In order to assess the performance of operational cloud seeding operations and achieve desirable results, application of numerical cloud model is one of the most important tools. In this paper, effects of silver iodide (AgI) cloud seeding on hail fall have been examined using one dimensional time dependent numerical cloud model. We included 32 microphysical processes with six water substances including water vapor, cloud droplet, cloud ice, rain, snow, and hail (graupel) for natural precipitation and 3 microphysical processes for cloud seeding parameterization. The model has been executed and it is concluded that as AgI introduced into the cloud resulting in graupel/hail mixing ratio reducing about %53. Heterogeneous nucleation of AgI enhanced the cloud ice, therefore snow increased and rainfall enhanced by melting of snow and cloud ice. On the other hand, cloud ice consumed to produce snow and they did not grow up to reach graupel/hail size, consequently the processes that related to growth of graupel/hail decreased strongly.

Full Text: PDF DOI: 10.5539/jgg.v4n2p81

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Journal of Geography and Geology   ISSN 1916-9779 (Print)   ISSN 1916-9787 (Online)

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