Geomorphometric and Terrain Analysis of the Nigerian Section of the Chad Basin (Bornu Basin) Northeastern Nigeria


  •  Yakubu Mohammed    
  •  Ibrahim B. Wulo    
  •  John Abdullahi    
  •  Aishe K. Gazali    
  •  Zanna A. Lawan    
  •  Hamman I. Kamale    

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to characterize the geomorphology and analyze the terrain of the Bornu basin. This is critical to the understanding of the general landscape configuration, its evolution and morphodynamics in the basin. Mapping was carried using the Shuttle Radar Topographic Mission (SRTM) and Digital Elevation Model (DEM) data of the area. These set of data compliments the data generated from an extensive and detailed mapping of the area adopting the holistic approach geomorphologic field mapping technique. The basins slope generated from DEM of the area indicated five terrain categories. The western end of the basin has the highest slope of 755 to 1582m denoting the margins of the Biu and Jos plateau which slopes down to the lowest slope category of 256m at the shores of Lake Chad. These slope categories exhibits a variety of land forms ranging from rills, gullies, ponds, rivers, deltas, alluvial plains, ridges, hills and sand dunes of variable sizes, shapes and morphological characteristics. The Bama ridge which rises to height of 363m covering a distance of about 340 Km is a major land form in the basin. These land forms and others identified have been formed and are being fashioned by interplay of fluvial and Aeolian processes whose linkages are found to vary both in spatial and temporal dimensions.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
  • ISSN(Print): 1916-9779
  • ISSN(Online): 1916-9787
  • Started: 2009
  • Frequency: quarterly

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