Exploring the Solutions for Overcoming Challenges Facing Peasant Farming System in Iran

  •  Seyed Abolhasan Sadati    


Vast majority of Iranian farmers are still peasants who farm small plots of land, usually in marginal
environments, utilizing traditional and subsistence methods. Despite of these characteristics, peasant-farming
system has vital role in Iranian agriculture sector. Solutions therefore must be found for empowering peasants to
deal with such problems. The main purpose of this study was to identify solutions to deal with challenges facing
peasant farming system in Iran. Seventy one extension experts at headquarter level of Ministry of Agriculture
were selected using random sampling technique. Principal component analysis was applied as main statistical
technique to analyze the data. The findings revealed that five factors /components containing 38 variables
determined about 63 percent of variations in solutions to deal with challenges facing peasant farming system:
extension solutions (19.03 % of variance), economic solutions (16.60% of variance), social solutions (10.234%
of variance), political solutions (9.75% of variance) and managerial solutions (7.69% of variance).

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