Identification and Classification of Complex Agricultural Croplands Using Multi-Temporal ALOS-2/PALSAR-2 Data: A Case Study in Central Java, Indonesia

  •  Prima Mirelva    
  •  Ryota Nagasawa    


The agriculture sector makes a significant contribution to the Indonesian economy and has become one of the sources of national income. Therefore, precise agricultural mapping is very important to national and regional administrations. Satellite remote sensing provides the most effective tool for identifying a wide expanse of agriculture croplands. However, cloud coverage in tropical regions limits the use of optical remote sensing. SAR is an active remote sensing technique, which offers completely cloud-free observation data. The multi-temporal ALOS-2/PALSAR-2 data were used in this study, complemented by optical multi-temporal remote sensing data, that is, Landsat 8 OLI for classifying complex agricultural croplands. The study area, located in the Klaten Regency, Central Java Province, with 112 km2 coverage, was selected because of its dynamic cropping pattern and complex agricultural land use types. In this study, the RGB composite of HH, HV and HV-HH, derived from ALOS-2/PALSAR-2 polarizations, was found to be effective at separating two types of paddy field cropping pattern: all-year paddy (paddy-I) and paddy upland fields (paddy-II). The multi-temporal Landsat 8 data were also found to be useful for observing the cropping pattern. Moreover, the classification accuracy, which was as high as 85.02% in terms of overall accuracy, with a kappa coefficient of 0.824, from multi-temporal ALOS-2/PALSAR-2 data, was obtained. These results show that multi-temporal ALOS-2/PALSAR-2 data are capable of discriminating between two different paddy field cropping types, as well as beneficial for discriminating between the cropping stage and cropping pattern information for several other land uses.

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