Characterization of the Genetic Resources of Farmed Tambaqui in Northern Brazil

Paola F. Fazzi-Gomes, Nuno F. Melo, Glauber Palheta, Jonas Aguiar, Iracilda Sampaio, Sidney Santos, Fabiano Moreira, Ândrea K. Ribeiro-dos-Santos, Igor Hamoy

Abstract


The present study analyzed the genetic variability and structure of farmed tambaqui in the Brazilian state of Pará, and provided basic information that can be used for the development of programs of monitoring and management of genetic resources in the aquaculture operations of northern Brazil. A total of 216 individuals were sampled from tambaqui farms in Pará. Genotyping was based on a multiplex set of 10 tri- and tetra-nucleotide microsatellite markers. The data were used to calculate genetic diversity indices, expected and observed heterozygosity, the number of alleles per locus, allelic richness, and inbreeding coefficient. Genetic structure was verified using DEST and RST, the genetic signature, and Bayesian analysis. The results showed that the tambaqui farms surveyed have suffered a significant loss of genetic variability, and that they are genetically structured, forming two clusters, one encompassing the farms in western Pará, and the other including the farms from the northeast and southeast regions of the state. These finding provide fundamental insights for the development of effective strategies that will help guarantee productivity and the quality of the tambaqui farms of northern Brazil, and provide a database for the upgrading of the genetic variability of these populations. This study indicated the need for hatcheries in southeastern and northeastern Pará to amplify or renew their breeding stocks, in order to avoid the significant loss of genetic diversity in the tambaqui farms of these regions.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5539/jas.v9n10p76

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