Evaluation of Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) Genotypes for Horticultural Characteristics on the Upland in Southern Sierra Leone

Salia M. Kanneh, Dan D. Quee, Patrick M. Ngegba, Peter D. Musa

Abstract


Notwithstanding the importance of tomato in human diet, the average yield of the crop in Africa hardily exceeds 7.5 tha-1. There is continuous unavailability of high yielding cultivars that are adapted to diverse environment and suitable for different purposes. Consequently, evaluation of introduced tomato genotypes for desired horticultural characteristics to identify superior genotypes for additional improvement in yield and yield related traits is indispensible. Hence eight tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) genotypes including parental were field planted in a randomized complete block design with three replications at the Department of Horticulture Nursery Unit, School of Natural resources Management, Njala University, Njala Campus, Moyamba District, Southern Sierra Leone to evaluate them for good horticultural traits. Data collected include plant height at 50% and 100% flowering, stem girth at 50% and 100% flowering, days to first, 50% and 100% flowering, days to maturity, number of fruits set per plant, number of fruits harvested per plant, average fruit weights, fruit length, fruit diameter, fruit flesh thickness, locule number, marketable and nonmarketable fruits per plant. Results from the study indicated that all genotypes studied are adaptable to the Sierra Leone climatic conditions. P1 (097) recorded the highest number of fruits set per plant, number of fruits harvested per plant and tallest and largest plant height and stem girth at 100% flowering. BC2F2 had the highest locule number while R3P9 had the heaviest fruit weight. P2 (213) had the thickest fruit flesh thickness and longest duration to fruit maturity respectively while P1 (097), BC1F2 and R3P9 had the same number of shortest days to maturity. Regarding fruit length and diameter, R3P8 and R6P6 had the longest and widest. With respects to marketable and nonmarketable fruit per plant, P1 (097) recorded the highest correspondingly.


Full Text:

PDF


DOI: https://doi.org/10.5539/jas.v9n6p213

Copyright (c) 2017 Salia M. Kanneh

License URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0

Journal of Agricultural Science   ISSN 1916-9752 (Print)   ISSN 1916-9760 (Online)  E-mail: jas@ccsenet.org

Copyright © Canadian Center of Science and Education

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the 'ccsenet.org' domain to your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.