Determination of General and Specific Combining Ability of Five Upland Cotton Cultivars

Habib R. Lakho, Ayaz A. Soomro, Muhammad A. R. Rashid, Shabana Memon

Abstract


The present investigation was aimed to determine the general combining ability of the parental lines and specific combining ability of the hybrids respectively and also heterotic effect of F1 hybrids for some agro-economical traits in upland cotton. Five parent genotypes viz. NIAB-78, Chandi-95, Haridost, CRIS-134 and Shahbaz were used to generate ten F1 hybrids through diallel mating design. The seeds of F1 hybrids along with their parents were sown in Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) in three replications during 2009-10. All the traits showed highly significant variation and GCA and SCA variances were also significant for all the parameters studied. Among the parents, NIAB-78, Haridost and CRIS-134 were best general combiners for plant height, sympodial branches per plant, bolls per plant, boll weight, seed cotton yield per plant, GOT% and seed index. Cross NIAB-78×Chandi-95 was best specific combiner for plant height and bolls per plant and CRIS-134×Haridost for sympodial branches per plant. However, the hybrid Chandi-95×CRIS-134 proved best specific combiner for seed cotton yield per plant and GOT%, while NIAB-78×CRIS-134 gave maximum SCA effects for seed index.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5539/jas.v8n3p106

Journal of Agricultural Science ISSN 1916-9752 (Print) ISSN 1916-9760 (Online)

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