Green Synthesis of Silver Nanoparticles Using Leaf Extract of Rosmarinus officinalis and Its Effect on Tomato and Wheat Plants

Fatma Aly Farghaly, Nivien Allam Nafady

Abstract


Biological green synthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) from silver salts is a growing advanced approach to avoid the requirement of costly instruments and involvement of hazardous chemicals as well. However, increasing use of AgNPs raises potential toxicity level in the environment. In this investigation, leaf extract of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) used as a reducing and stabilizing agent for biosynthesis of AgNPs. The biosynthesized AgNPs were authorized by UV-vis spectrophotometer and X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis. The shape and size of the biosynthesized AgNPs were studied using high resolution transmission electron microscope (TEM). The toxicity of the biosynthesized silver nanoparticles on wheat and tomato plants was studied by soaking wheat grains and tomato seeds in 100 mg/L AgNPs and follow its effect on seedling growth of wheat (at 10 days) and on vegetative growth of tomato and wheat plants (at 35 days). Some physiological parameters as germination percentage of wheat seedling, length of seedling, dry weight, pigment fractions (chl.a, chl.b and caroteinoids), soluble proteins, lipid peroxidation (MDA) and antioxidant enzymes (catalase and peroxidase) of two plants were measured. AgNPs has a non-significant inhibitory effect on germination percentage of wheat, dry weight and pigment fractions. The biosynthesized AgNPs has a noticeable stress effect on tomato plant as reduced chlorophyll a and dry weight. Generally, AgNPs stimulate MDA accumulation in tomato and wheat plants. There was a noticeable different effect of AgNPs on soluble proteins and antioxidant enzymes as catalase and peroxidase among tomato and wheat plants.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5539/jas.v7n11p277

Journal of Agricultural Science ISSN 1916-9752 (Print) ISSN 1916-9760 (Online)

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