Control of Micronutrients Availability in Soil and Concentration in Rice Grain through Field Water Management

Juan Damian Marques Fong, Tsugiyuki Masunaga, Kuniaki Sato

Abstract


A pot experiment was conducted under different water managements, namely control (continuous flooding condition), 2,3,4WAH (water was drained at two to four weeks after heading), and FCap (the soil moisture was kept at field capacity level, to maintain aerobic soil condition). We examined the influence of the establishment of aerobic soil condition at different timing of rice post-heading stage. The results showed that water managements changed soil redox potential and pH that were known to be responsible of micronutrients availability in soil. Transition from flooding condition to aerobic condition during rice post-anthesis stage, reduced pH toward its initial value as well as Fe availability in soil. Although soil was re-oxidized in 2,3,4WAH treatments, which reduced Fe availability in soil from the level of control treatment, concentration of Fe in grain did not differ between control and drained treatments. Correlation analyses exhibited that the reduction of Fe availability in soil under aerobic condition in 2,3,4WAH and FCap enhanced Zn and Cu availabilities in soil and increased concentration of Zn, Cu and Mn in grain. The results point up toward that, enhancement of micronutrient availability in soil during post-heading stage are strongly associated with its grain micronutrient concentration. Establishment of aerobic condition from two weeks after heading increased the grain Zn, Cu and Mn concentration by 11, 20 and 35 percent respectively over the values in flooding condition, without negative effects on yield parameters. Unlike control and 2,3,4WAH treatments, FCap that kept aerobic soil condition performed high concentration of grain micronutrients but its low yield.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5539/jas.v7n5p163

Journal of Agricultural Science ISSN 1916-9752 (Print) ISSN 1916-9760 (Online)

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