Stability Analyses for Seed Yield of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) Genotypes in the Western Cold Zone of Iran

Homayoun Kanouni, Yadollah Farayedi, Ali Saeid, Sayyed Hossein Sabaghpour

Abstract


Different methods have been developed to estimate of genotype by environment interaction (GEI) in crop plants. In this study, 14 kabuli type chickpea genotypes were assessed for seed yield in four stations over three successive years (2010-2013) at west highlands of Iran. Randomized complete block design was used in all test environments with four replicates. Combined analysis of variance for seed yield revealed significant differences between genotypes, locations, and interaction between these two sources. The mean seed yield of genotypes averaged over environments showed that V4 and V2 had the highest (1163.58 kg ha-1) and the lowest seed yield (759.07 kg ha-1), respectively. Significant GE interaction implied that chickpea genotypes had various responses to different environments and, the stability analysis could be performed. To investigate GEI and identify the best performing stable genotypes, several stability parameters were employed. According to Wricke’s ecovalance, stability variance, Plaisted method, and genotypic stability V5, V8 and V3 were the most stable genotypes. Based on CV, regression coefficient and MS(GE), V1 and V5 found to be stable and adapted to diverse environments, and the other genotypes distributed among stability statistics. Based on the AMMI biplot, 12 test environments divided into two mega environments. These mega environments included very cold districts like Maragheh and similar areas, and relatively softened regions of Kurdistan and similar environments. For these two mega environments, V6 and V4 showed more adaptability, respectively. In conclusion, the two genotypes, V4 (FLIP 00-39C) and V6 (FLIP 99-26C) could be recommended as new cultivars to chickpea farmers for autumn sowing in west areas of Iran.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5539/jas.v7n5p219

Journal of Agricultural Science ISSN 1916-9752 (Print) ISSN 1916-9760 (Online)

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