Prevalence and Eco-Friendly Management of Some Important Nursery Diseases of Mango in Bangladesh

  •  Suchana Sarker    
  •  Md. Islam    
  •  Ismail Hossain    


A survey was carried out to record the prevalence of the nursery diseases in four mango varieties (Gopalbhog, Langra, Amropali and Seedless) in some selected growing areas viz. Chapai Nawabganj, Rajshahi, Dinajpur and Mymensingh in Bangladesh. Altogether nine different diseases viz. anthracnose, die-back, malformation, scab, powdery mildew, sooty mould, red rust, gummosis and bacterial leaf spot were recorded during the period of survey. All the diseases were found in the nurseries of Chapai Nawabganj, but Gummosis was not observed in Rajshahi, Dinajpur and Mymensingh and die-back was also not found in Dinajpur. Only anthracnose was recorded in Kajla sinduri in Rajshahi and Kancha mithi in Dinajpur. Out of the 40 mango varieties surveyed occurrence of higher number of diseases were recorded in Amropali (9), Mollica (7), Langra (8), Aswina (8), Khirsapat (8), Fazli (8), Vustara (6), Bogra gooti (6), BARI Aam-2 (6), BARI Aam-4 (6), Mohananda (5), Polyembryony (7), Gopalbhog (7), Hybrid 10 (6), Nilambari (6), Mixed special (6) and Seedless (7). The efficacy of BAU-Biofungicide and four different fungicides viz. Amistar, Tilt 250 EC, Bavistin and Dithane M-45 in the nursery of four mango varieties (Gopalbhog, Langra, Amropali and Seedless) were evaluated in FTIP, Department of Horticulture, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh. BAU-Biofungicide showed good effect in controlling anthracnose, die-back, powdery mildew, bacterial leaf spot and sooty mould of mango whereas Dithane M-45 was found best for controlling red rust of mango. Dithane M-45 followed by BAU-Biofungicide and Bavistin resulted reduction of powdery mildew incidence over control while the severity of powdery mildew was lowest in Bavistin followed by Dithane M-45 and BAU-Biofungicide.

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