Seed Coating Increase Broccoli Nutrient Content and Availability after Cooking

Micaela Carvajal, M. Carmen Martinez-Ballesta, Diego A. Moreno, Javier Bernabeu, Cristina García-Viguera

Abstract


Broccoli is a rich source of minerals which play an important role in health. From farm to food there are many processes that affect the mineral nutritional quality. As the quality of the seeds is the basis for the successful production, the protection of seeds by coating is studied to improve the seed quality and maintenance during storage. Also, the studies about the implication in the development of the plants are carried out. For that, the influence of seed capsulation on yield, mineral content, CO2 fixation and gas exchange was determined. The results showed that capsulation treatment improves germination and vegetative growth and production. This may be due to greater absorption of N and Fe and higher C fixation. When inflorescences were cooked, there was a greater loss of mineral nutrients with high pressure and microwave, and lower loss with steaming.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5539/jas.v7n1p182

Journal of Agricultural Science ISSN 1916-9752 (Print) ISSN 1916-9760 (Online)

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