Sequential Sampling of Adults and Nymphs of Euschistus heros (F) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) on Soybean Bt and Non-Bt

Paulo Rogério Beltramin da Fonseca, Marcos Gino Fernandes, Wagner Justiniano, Leonardo Hiroito Cavada, João Alfredo Neto da Silva

Abstract


To deploy the appropriate management of adults and nymphs of Euschistus heros (Fabricius, 1794) in soybean, we need to construct a sampling plan that allows estimate population density quickly and accurately. This research aimed to perform sequential sampling of adults and nymphs of E. heros in Bt and non-Bt soybeans. For the evaluations we used the method of cloth-to-hit, two regions in which the sample areas where we collected a sample randomly per plot of each trial were installed. Evaluations were performed at 7, 14, 21, 28, 35, 42, 49, 56, 63, 70, 77, 84, 91, 98 days after emergence (DAE). We adopted the model of contagious distribution, it was constructed a sequential sampling plan in accordance with the Sequential Probability Ratio Test (TSRP). The adopted control level two bugs (adults and nymphs) per cloth beat. The analysis showed two lines of decision: the upper, which is the condition that the adoption of a method of control is recommended, defined by S1 = 6.2449 +0.14244 n; and below, representing that the adoption of some method of control is not recommended, defined by S0 = -6.2449 +0.14244 n. The sampling showed a maximum expected number eight samples to determine the need or otherwise of control. For management based on economic injury level, the expected number of sample units is 17, indicated by the Sequential Probability Ratio Test Wald curve.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5539/jas.v6n11p110

Journal of Agricultural Science ISSN 1916-9752 (Print) ISSN 1916-9760 (Online)

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