Phenology, Yield and Yield Components of Maize as Affected by Humic Acid and Nitrogen

Kamran Azeem, Shad Khan Khalil, Farmanullah Khan, Shahenshah Shahenshah, Abdul Qahar, Muhammad Sharif, Muhammad Zamin

Abstract


In this research we studied the role of humic acid and nitrogen in improving the phenology, growth and productivity of maize (Zea mays L.). Field experiment was carried out at the New Developmental Farm of the University of Agriculture Peshawar during Autumn 2011. Zea mays L. cultivar, Azam was sown. Two factors were studied using three levels of humic acid (1.5, 3 and 4.5 kg ha-1) and four levels of nitrogen (80, 120, 160 and 200 kg ha-1). Humic acid was applied at sowing time whereas 1/3rd nitrogen at sowing time, and 1/3rd at 4-5 leaf stage and remaining 1/3rd at tasseling stage in comparison with control. The experiment was laid out in randomized complete block design having four replications. Non-significant parameter was emergence m-2 while significant were days to silking, thousand grain weight, grain yield and grain per ear. Days to silking was delayed with increase in levels of humic acid and nitrogen. Humic acid levels significantly increased grains ear-1 and grain yield ha-1 with 3 kg HA ha-1 while no effect was observed in thousand grains weight. Nitrogen increased grains ear1, thousand grains weight (g) and grains yield ha-1 at the rate of 160 kg N ha-1 as compared to other levels and control. Hence it is concluded that 3 kg HA ha-1 and 160 kg N ha-1 gave significant results.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5539/jas.v6n7p286

Journal of Agricultural Science ISSN 1916-9752 (Print) ISSN 1916-9760 (Online)

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