Utility of Phosphorus Enhancers and Strip-Tillage for Corn Production

Christopher J. Dudenhoeffer, Kelly A. Nelson, Peter P. Motavalli, Bruce Burdick, David Dunn, Keith W. Goyne

Abstract


Farmers are seeking ways to diminish phosphorus (P) fertilizer rates and increase plant P uptake by means of enhanced efficiency P treatments. The objectives of this study were to determine the effects of tillage/fertilizer placement [no-till-surface broadcast (NT-BC) or strip-till-deep band (ST-DB)], monoammonium phosphate (MAP) rate (0, 56, and 112 kg ha-1), and the presence or absence of enhanced phosphorus efficiency products (Avail® and P2O5-Max®) on corn (Zea mays L.) production. The field study was conducted in 2010 and 2011 at Novelty and Albany, MO. The two P enhancers had no effect on plant population, silage dry weights, grain moisture, yield, grain protein, grain starch, plant nitrogen (N), potassium (K) uptake, or apparent P recovery efficiency (APRE) at either location (P>0.10). In the NT-BC and ST-DB treatments, the addition of Avail® or P2O5-Max® did not increase plant P uptake over the non-treated controls. ST-DB increased plant populations 3,500 to 15,500 plants ha-1 compared to NT-BC. At Novelty, yields increased 1.57 Mg ha-1 with use of ST-DB over NT-BC, but at Albany yields were affected by tillage/fertilizer placement and MAP rate. Corn grain yields with MAP at 0 kg ha-1 were 0.30 to 0.36 Mg ha-1 more than MAP at 56 or 112 kg P2O5 ha-1, which was probably due to the added ammonium nitrate used to balance the N contribution in MAP. Strip-till is a viable option to increase corn populations and yields on poorly drained soils, but P enhancers are not recommended for similar soil types.


Full Text: PDF DOI: 10.5539/jas.v5n2p37

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Journal of Agricultural Science ISSN 1916-9752 (Print) ISSN 1916-9760 (Online)

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