Farmers’ Perception and Constraints to the Adoption of Weed Control Options: the Case of Striga asiatica in Malawi

Evans Atuti Atera, Kazuyuki Itoh, Tetsushi Azuma, Takashige Ishii

Abstract


Studies were conducted to determine farmers’ perception on Striga control options and their potential for adoption in two Extension Planning Areas (EPAs) in Central Malawi. Individual interviews were conducted in Mpingu (Lilongwe District) and Mponela (Dowa District) EPAs in 2010 in a sample of 247 respondents. The study revealed that crop production was the main source of livelihood for most households. Farmers identified Striga as a constraint to maize production and attributed its increasing incidence to insufficient funds to purchase inputs, soil fertility and grazing animals. On Striga control mechanisms, manure application was perceived to be the best by farmers, followed by crop rotation, fertilizer application and hand pulling. Even though Striga infestation is increasing in farmers fields, they have not adopted the control options. The low adoption of the options has been justified as “too risky” as farmers do not trust them. Emphasis should be laid on undertaking on-farm trials and development of technologies should involve farmers if they are to gain wide acceptability.


Full Text: PDF DOI: 10.5539/jas.v4n5p41

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Journal of Agricultural Science ISSN 1916-9752 (Print) ISSN 1916-9760 (Online)

Copyright © Canadian Center of Science and Education

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the 'ccsenet.org' domain to your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.