Determination and Evaluation of Se-Rich High-Quality Rice Produced by Compound Nutrient Solution


  •  Su-xi Wu    
  •  Ying-xi Wang    
  •  Xiaomiao Han    
  •  Cui-ping Yi    
  •  Jun Tao    

Abstract

Rice is one of the most important food crops in the world. Its biggest flaw is the low content of protein and essential amino acids, which severely limits its nutritional value. In order to produce high-quality rice with rich Se, we sprayed different concentrations of compound nutrient solution (containing Se (selenium), amino acid compound, zinc and boron) on the rice at different growth stages; and then determined the main nutrient content of their polished rice. The results showed that spraying low concentration compound nutrient solution (Each liter contained 20 mg of Se, 333 mg of complex amino acids, 33 mg of zinc and 33 mg of boron) to rice in the heading stage produced rice with the highest total starch and fat content and lower amylose content. Spraying high concentration compound nutrient solution to rice during the filling stage produced rice with the highest Se content. Multiple sprays of compound nutrient solution produced rice with low protein and low starch. Spraying low concentration compound nutrient solution on rice in milky stage significantly increased the content of protein, total starch, fat, all essential amino acids (Lysine increased by more than 57%), amylopectin and Se in rice; significantly reduced amylose content; significantly improved the nutritional value and taste quality of rice. The conclusion is that spraying low concentration compound nutrient solution on rice in the milky stage can produce rice with the highest content of protein and essential amino acids, higher content of total starch, fat and Se, and the lowest amylose content; significantly improve the nutritional value and taste quality of rice. The technical solution can comprehensively and effectively improve the nutritional value and flavor quality of rice, and has great development and application value.



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