Asian Soybean Rust Severity Sowed in Different Seasons

  •  Erlei Melo Reis    
  •  Luana Maria de Rossi Belufi    
  •  Wanderlei Dias Guerra    
  •  Laércio Zambolin    
  •  Mateus Zanatta    


In on-farm trials, the foliolar severity of Asian soybean rust was evaluated in 44 areas, in three regions of Mato Grosso sown in December (2019) and February (2020). Several susceptible cultivars were used in different crop systems; insect pests and weeds were controlled with different management systems by the farmers. Forty soybean leaflets from four plots replications, demarcated at random in each field were taken. In laboratory foliolar severity was appraised. For rust control in the trials conducted in February, fungicides with efficiency greater than 60% were used consisting of DMIs, QoIs and SDHIs in double or triple mixtures, always adding multisites (chlorothalonil, mancozeb, copper oxychloride). The severity was greater in the fields sown in December (4.84% than in February 0.68%). The number of fungicides spraying/ha in December was 6.4 and February 4.6. It is discussed that through the use of multisites fungicides, the mutation potential in Phakopsora pachyrhizi is reduced and that the spores from areas cultivated in February, probably due to unfavorable environment, do not survive during the soybean free-period. Our results indicate that the sowing period can be changed from the end of December to February, since multisites fungicides are always used.

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