Effect of Different Honey Concentrations on Survival, Longevity and Reproduction of Trichospilus pupivorus (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae), a Parasitoid of Coconut Black-Headed Caterpillar, Opisina arenosella (Lepidoptera: Oecophoridae)

  •  Nor Ahya Mahadi    
  •  Tajul Ariffin Aziz Yusof    
  •  Mazidah Mat    


Many coconut producing countries in Asia are facing a serious infestation of Opisina arenosella (Lepidoptera: Oecophoridae) or commonly called the coconut black-headed caterpillar. Recently, the pest has been detected in the coconut (Cocos nucifera) planting area in Pahang, Malaysia. Thus, an initiative to manage the pest by using parasitoids has been started with a study on the effects of diet on survival, longevity and reproduction of naturally occurred parasitoid known as Trichospilus pupivorus (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae). The aim of this study was to identify suitable concentrations of honey that can be used in developing its rearing technique. Two independent experiments were conducted, i.e., a) survival and longevity study; and b) reproduction study. In each study, different honey concentrations were tested on ten (eight replications) and one (five replications) female parasitoids respectively. 30% honey concentrations resulted in high survival rate of the adult during early life with relatively prolonged longevity up to 6.0±0.19 days and significantly produced the highest number of progenies (105.4±0.81). The lowest survival rate was given by 60% honey and significant longevity up to 6.5±0.33 days with no progenies. Further studies on other plausible factors affecting the reproduction and fitness of progenies should also be investigated to ensure efficient rearing techniques.

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