Socioeconomic Characteristics and the Impacts of Land Use Changes to Sugar Cane in Quirinópolis, Brazil

  •  Jean Marc Nacife    
  •  Frederico A. Loureiro Soares    
  •  Gustavo Castoldi    


The socioeconomic impacts arising from the change in the traditional productive systems for sugar cane have caused weightings. This article proposes to investigate the socioeconomic characteristics and impacts of the use of the land with cane field, by using municipal indicators and agricultural establishments of Quirinópolis. The field survey used margin of sampling error of 5% and a confidence level of 95%, sampling 58 establishments and aiming to analyze their characteristics and impacts in function of this change by means of socioeconomic indices proposed, statistical tests and correlations. We used the survey methodology applying inferential statistical techniques, cluster analysis, Spearman correlation tests of normality (Kolmogorov-Smirnov and Shapiro-Wilk) and hypothesis tests (Wilcoxon Test). The analysis of the socioeconomic indices approached two perspectives. In the Municipal Prospect, found that the indexes: IFDM-2005 [0.6713], IFDM-2016 [0.8387] and IFDM-V [0.1996]. The indices show the range of a high municipal development. In the analysis of agricultural establishments, the indices assessed the following values: rural exodus [-0.09], succession [1.44], association [3.75], rural heritage [-0.44 and -0.04] and overall remuneration [0.57]. About land use change, it was detected that occurred mostly in pastures converted to sugar cane; there is a correlation between the indices that the Wilcoxon tests confirmed the statistical significance at the level of 5% (p-value). It is concluded that the socioeconomic impacts promoted from change in land use of traditional productive systems for sugar cane were overwhelmingly positive and promoted the development in a view of municipal and agricultural establishments in the period studied.

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