Biometric and Chemical Characterization of Fruits From Selections of Platonia insignis Mart., Native of the State of Maranhão, Brazil


  •  R. F. Santos    
  •  J. R. G. Araujo    
  •  A. C. V. Neves Junior    
  •  P. A. F. R. Melo    
  •  L. P. V. Silva    
  •  W. F. S. Santos    
  •  B. M. M. Mendes    
  •  A. E. Rocha    
  •  M. B. Furtado    
  •  M. L. R. Mesquita    

Abstract

Brazil has a range of fruit species, especially native ones, which play an important role in the life of local populations, but are still little studied, as is the case of bacuri (Platonia insignis Mart.). P. insignis is a fruit tree species native from Amazon region and has great economic potential, mainly due to its excellent organoleptic and nutritional characteristics. Therefore, there is a need for research that seeks the proper use of the species, as well as the selection of superior genotypes. Thus, the objective of this study was to characterize biometric and chemically fruits of eight selections of native P. insignis plants, from the municipalities of Presidente Juscelino and Santa Rita both located in Lower Munim region, state of Maranhão, Brazil. For the biometric characterization, 20 fruits, individually, were analyzed as to mass, longitudinal diameter, transverse diameter, conformation index, seed number, parthenocarpic segments number, pulp yield and bark mass, and for the chemical characterization, samples composed of six fruits were analyzed as to soluble solids (°Brix), total acidity (% citric acid), soluble solids/acidity ratio and pH. There was significant difference for all characteristics evaluated. High coefficients of variation were observed, indicating variability among the selections and possibility of taking advantage for the genetic improvement. The results allow to indicate the fruits analyzed, both for the industrial market and for the in natura consumption, especially for the ‘Domingão’ and ‘Mamão’ selections.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
  • Issn(Print): 1916-9752
  • Issn(Onlne): 1916-9760
  • Started: 2009
  • Frequency: monthly

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