Article 2(4) and Cyber Warfare: How do Old Rules Control the Brave New World?

Jason D. Jolley


With the past attacks on Iranian nuclear infrastructure utilizing sophisticated weaponized computer code, such as the Flame worm, (Note 1) Stuxnet (Note 2) virus and Duqu (Note 3) worm, it is apparent that the age of cyberwarfare (Note 4) is upon us. While many commentators have been predicting this eventuality (Note 5) the transition from theory to reality has exposed gaps within the international legal framework regulating the use of force by states. (Note 6)

Full Text:




  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c)

International Law Research  ISSN 1927-5234  (Print)  ISSN 1927-5242  (Online)  Email:

Copyright © Canadian Center of Science and Education

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the '' domain to your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.