Fair Treatment of the Victim in the Code of Criminal Procedure


  •  Hassan Vahedi    

Abstract

Criminal justice institution undertakes the duty to investigate about legal cases and complaints, to issue the judgment and to enforce it on time through proper hearing and without any dely. Such actions can play an effective role in reducing the possibility of delinquency and victimization. As an essential element of procedure, victimization has not succeeded to recover its real right. Many criminologists have focused their researches on victims to solve the riddle of victimization and etiology of crimes. Criminologists also intended to assess victims’ roles and shares in the process of crime commission. In addition, they intend to amend criminal provisions based on a victim-based approach to protect the victims through establishing new criminal institutions. Because of this, criminal justice system will change due to the effects of revolutions of victimization considered as the central core. This has led to an increase in paying attention to the victim’s needs and rights in criminal system. The necessity of protecting the victim has not yet been recognized in Iranian statutes. This issue has not a place in criminology researches in Iran. However, we can observe the existing shortages in the area of protecting the victim and their status in Procedure Code through studying the victim’s role. The author of the present article has studied the necessity of establishing special institutions to fill the existing gaps considered by Iranian legislator in New Criminal Procedure Code 2013. The author has also dealt with the protection of victims based on literature review, library search and related sources.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
  • Issn(Print): 1927-5234
  • Issn(Onlne): 1927-5242
  • Started: 2012
  • Frequency: annual

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