Differences in the Participation of Parents in the Education of Mexican High School Students: Relation with Gender and Level of Studies

Angel Alberto Valdes Cuervo, Teodoro Rafael Wendlant Amezaga, Ernesto Alonso Carlos Martínez, Maricela Urías Murrieta


The purposes of the study consisted of describing the profiles of subgroups of the parents of high school students
based on their participation in the education of their children and establish the relation of these profiles with the
gender and level of studies of fathers and mothers. By using a simple random sampling, 374 parents of high
school students were selected to participate; of these, 173 (46.2%) questionnaires were answered by fathers and
201 (53.7%) by mothers. By using a K-means cluster analysis, two subgroups of parents were identified and
denominated by their participation as “Low Involvement” (n = 205) and “Moderate Involvement” (n = 169)
respectively, which presented differences in all the types of participation evaluated. However, in both groups a
similar profile was identified, which is characterized by a high participation in aspects related to education at
home and a low level with regard to aspects concerning school management. Furthermore, a relationship was
found between females and higher education, with a greater involvement in the education of children. It is
concluded that diverse difficulties exist in families who participate within the school management.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5539/ijps.v6n3p53

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International Journal of Psychological Studies   ISSN 1918-7211 (Print)   ISSN 1918-722X (Online)

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