Everyday Confrontation of Discrimination: The Well-Being Costs and Benefits to Women over Time

Mindi D. Foster

Abstract


Taking action against discrimination has positive consequences for well-being (e.g., Cocking & Drury, 2004) but
most of this research has focused on collective actions and has used methodologies assessing one point in time.
This study therefore used a diary methodology to examine how women’s everyday confrontations of
discrimination would affect measures of subjective and psychological well-being, and how these relationships
would change over time. In a 28-day online diary study, women indicated their daily experience of
discrimination, described their response, and completed measures of well-being. Results showed that at the
beginning of the study, using indirect confrontation predicted greater well-being than using angered
confrontation. However, continued use of indirect and educational confrontation decreased well-being whereas
continued use of angered confrontation increased well-being over time. By the end of the study, using angered
confrontation predicted greater well-being than using indirect confrontation. Analyses of linguistic markers were
consistent with the explicit measures of well-being. Implications for distinguishing between types of
confrontations and integrating time analyses are discussed.

Full Text: PDF DOI: 10.5539/ijps.v5n3p135

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

International Journal of Psychological Studies   ISSN 1918-7211 (Print)   ISSN 1918-722X (Online)

Copyright © Canadian Center of Science and Education

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the 'ccsenet.org' domain to your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.