Elite Soccer Coaches Use of Psychological Techniques

Simão Freitas, Cláudia Dias, António Fonseca


The purpose of the current study was to investigate soccer coaches’ use of psychological techniques for their
own performance. In depth semi-structured interviews were conducted with 13 elite coaches, from Portuguese
premier league clubs, to examine and describe their use of imagery, goal-setting, self-talk and relaxation.
Participants mentioned employing psychological techniques more in conjunction with competition than training.
Self-talk and imagery tended to be cited more frequently than goal setting and relaxation. Furthermore, results of
this study provided information about the content and functions of each psychological technique. Implications of
the results are discussed and future research and practical recommendations are made.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5539/ijps.v5n3p56

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International Journal of Psychological Studies   ISSN 1918-7211 (Print)   ISSN 1918-722X (Online)

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