Comparison Group and Individual Cognitive Behavioral Therapy in Treatment of Depression among Iranian Women around Menopause

Robab Khoshbooii

Abstract


The aim of this study was to examine the effects of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) on depression and compare the difference between two formats of group and individual CBT among Iranian women at mid-life. The Sample for this study comprised 64 women (aged between 41 and 55 years with a depression score between 21 and 56) in Tehran, capital city of Iran. The participants were randomly assigned into two experimental groups and one control group. The first experimental group was exposed to 16 sessions of group CBT and the second experimental group underwent eight sessions of individual CBT. The experimental and control groups were assessed for the level of depression before and after the interventions and four weeks follow up. Descriptive statistics, Repeated Measure ANOVA, and independent t-test were used to analyze the data. The results suggested the feasibility and clinical advantages of CBT on depression but showed no significant difference between group and individual intervention among Iranian women around menopause.


Full Text: PDF DOI: 10.5539/ijps.v4n1p174

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

International Journal of Psychological Studies   ISSN 1918-7211 (Print)   ISSN 1918-722X (Online)

Copyright © Canadian Center of Science and Education

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the 'ccsenet.org' domain to your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.