Moderating Effect of Gender and Age on the Relationship between Emotional Intelligence with Social and Academic Adjustment among First Year University Students

Noor-Azniza, Ishak, Malek, T. Jdaitawi, Yahya Saleh Ibrahim, Farid, T. Mustafa


This study examined whether emotional intelligence is significantly correlated with social adjustment and
academic adjustment. It also explored the moderating effects of gender and age factors and their linked between
emotional intelligence and social adjustment as well as academic adjustment among first year university students.
289 first year university students (148 males and 141 females) at the Irbid Govern Orate, North of Jordan,
participate in the study and were categorized based on two age groups, younger students between the age of 18 –
25 and older students between the range of 26 and above. Two valid and reliable instruments were used to assess
student’s emotional intelligence, social adjustment and academic adjustment. Correlation and multi-group
analysis using structural equation model were used to analyse these data. The result shows no significant
relationship between emotional intelligence and of both social adjustment and academic adjustment. In addition,
the moderating effect of gender was not found. However, the moderating effect of age on the relationship
between emotional intelligence with social adjustment and academic adjustment were established.

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International Journal of Psychological Studies   ISSN 1918-7211 (Print)   ISSN 1918-722X (Online)

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