The Effect of Institutional Ownership on Firm Performance: Evidence from Jordanian Listed Firms

  •  Dana AL-Najjar    


Last decade witnessed successive corporate scandals for various firms that points to a failure of corporate control. Expertize and interested parties all over the world proposed to focus on monitoring the management decisions to reduce such failure in firms. Therefore, the structure of ownership became more and more as an important issue to increase both efficiency and effectiveness of management decisions. This study seeks to investigate whether institutional ownership affects the firm’s performance for one of the emerging markets; Jordan. Firm’s performance is measured through applying two accounting measures Return on Assets (ROA) and Return on Equity (ROE), with 6 explanatory variables. Our sample is unique and contains 82 non-financial Jordanian firms listed at Amman Stock Exchange (ASE) for the period of 2005-2013, by applying panel data regression analysis. It depends on building three OLS models: Pooled, Fixed Effects Model and Random Effects Model. In addition, a test for Breusch and Pagan Lagrangian multiplier (LM), and Hausamn test to choose among the three models which model is most suitable for our data. A main finding of the panel data analysis is that; fixed effect regression is the most convenient model. As a result, there is no strong evidence that there is a relationship between both institutional ownership and firm performance for Jordanian listed firms. This conclusion can be due to the fact that institutional ownership has its own pros and cons, therefore, their existence and influence could affect materially the types and risk level of investment decisions taken by the management which in return will affect the firm’s performance as a whole. ociation with external reserve and net credit to the economy. Based on these results; it is recommended that, the Nigeria government should designed programmes and incentives to boost industrial capacity utilization in the country. Markets determine nominal exchange rate should prevail in the economy. The country should regulate its foreign reserve policy by setting a threshold, above which excess deposit should be plough back to the domestic economy inform of investments rather than support excessive importation.


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