Prevalence of Congenital Heart Disease: A Single Center Experience in Southwestern of Iran
- Pedram Nazari
- Mohammad Davoodi
- Mohammad Faramarzi
- Mohammad Bahadoram
- Nozar Dorestan
BACKGROUND: Congenital heart disease (CHD) refers to complex abnormalities that affect the structure or function of the heart due to embryonic defects. There is little accurate statistical data about prevalence, incidence and frequency in many developing countries such as Iran. The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of CHD in patients who were referred to the Department of Pediatric Cardiology in a large single-center in Southwestern of Iran.
METHODS: This is a retrospective, cross-sectional study. Patients with various cardiac malformations were each investigated separately. A check list was used to collect information. It was comprised of three parts; demographic characteristics, Patient’s birth details and maternal data.
RESULTS: The frequency of ventricular septal defect (VSD), atrial septal defect (ASD) and tetralogy of fallot (TOF) were 125 (28.47%), 48 (10.93%) and 41(9.3%) respectively. Family history was reported in 26(11.1%) cases. Down syndrome, skeletal anomaly and hematological anomaly were the most common co-anomalies. Parental consanguinity was 48.7%.
CONCLUSIONS: Present study showed that VSD was the most common CHD subtype followed by family history, familial marriage, extra cardiac anomalies (ECAs), birth weight, and maternal concomitant disease. But there was a controversial relationship between birth order and drug history in CHD.
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