Dairy Foods Intake among Female Iranian Students: A Nutrition Education Intervention Using a Health Promotion Model
- Tahereh Dehdari
- Fereshteh Yekehfallah
- Mitra Rahimzadeh
- Naheed Aryaeian
- Tahereh Rahimi
INTRODUCTION: This aim of this study was to increase dairy consumption in students following an education intervention based on Pender’s Health Promotion Model (Pender’s HPM) variables.
METHODS: The study was done during September 2014-April 2015 in Savojbolagh, Alborz, Iran. The study sample included 142 middle-school female students who were allocated to either the intervention (n=71) or the comparison group (n=71). Pender’s HPM variables and the daily servings of dairy foods consumed were measured in both groups by a self-administered questionnaire and a 3 d record before the intervention and 4 weeks later. The 4-week intervention was conducted for the intervention group. The data was analyzed through analysis of covariance and paired t tests.
RESULTS: Compared to the comparison group, there were significant differences in Pender’s HPM variables (except for the negative feelings, perceived barriers and competing demands), the daily servings of dairy foods consumed, and intakes of Calcium, riboflavin, and vitamin A in the intervention participants following the conducted intervention program.
CONCLUSION: Developing theory-driven nutrition education programs may increase student's dairy foods intake.
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