A Review of Visiting Policies in Intensive Care Units

Shiva Khaleghparast, Soodabeh Joolaee, Behrooz Ghanbari, Majid Maleki, Hamid Peyrovi, Naser Bahrani

Abstract


Admission to intensive care units is potentially stressful and usually goes together with disruption in physiological and emotional function of the patient. The role of the families in improving ill patients’ conditions is important. So this study investigates the strategies, potential challenges and also the different dimensions of visiting hours’ policies with a narrative review. The search was carried out in scientific information databases using keywords “visiting policy”, “visiting hours” and “intensive care unit” with no time limitation on accessing the published studies in English or Farsi. Of a total of 42 articles, 22 conformed to our study objectives from 1997 to 2013. The trajectory of current research shows that visiting in intensive care units has, since their inception in the 1960s, always considered the nurses’ perspectives, patients’ preferences and physiological responses, and the outlook for families. However, little research has been carried out and most of that originates from the United States, Europe and since 2010, a few from Iran. It seems that the need to use the research findings and emerging theories and practices is necessary to discover and challenge the beliefs and views of nurses about family-oriented care and visiting in intensive care units.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5539/gjhs.v8n6p267

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Global Journal of Health Science   ISSN 1916-9736(Print)   ISSN 1916-9744(Online)

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