Knowledge, Attitude, and Self Care Practices Amongsts Patients WithType 2 Diabetes in Pakistan

  •  Muhammad Ahmed    
  •  Haseeb Seriwala    
  •  Syed Danish    
  •  Ali Khan    
  •  Marya Hussain    
  •  Misha Husain    
  •  Muhammad Ahmed    
  •  Khurram Anis    


BACKGROUND: In this age, diabetes is one of the most prevalent, incurable diseases present. The aim of this study was to assess knowledge, attitude and self-care practicesrelated to diabetes in an urban population in Pakistan.

METHODS: A cross sectional survey to assess the knowledge and practices of people with diabetes was conducted in general urbanpopulace. People with diabetes were interviewed using a structured questionnaire from which data was collected. A total of 139 diabetics were included into the study. Basic knowledge about diabetes and its complications were assessed as well as the frequency of practices such as keeping a blood glucometer at home and checking blood sugar with it.

RESULTS: A total of n=139 participants fulfilling the inclusion criteria were recruited in the survey. Only 18.7% had knowledge regarding the complications of diabetes mellitus. Only 8.6% of participants checked their blood glucose levels at homeregularly, and only 4.3% visited their physiciansregularlyfor check-ups. With regard to practices, a minority attested to have changed their lifestyle and commit to basic practices in order to reduce diabetes related complications with women being more prone to changes than men.

CONCLUSION: The results show that most participants had a negative attitude and very little knowledge regarding diabetes.There is a need for increased diabetes related education and for developing positive attitudes towards reduction of diabetes related complications. The Pakistani population is seen to be almost completely unprepared to fight against an increase in type 2 diabetes prevalence.

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