Indoor Air Quality and Sick Building Syndrome in Malaysian Buildings

Syazwan Aizat I., Juliana J., Norhafizalina O., Azman Z. A., Kamaruzaman J.

Abstract


This study was done to investigate the association between sick building syndrome (SBS) and indoor air pollutants in two
different buildings (old and new). Hundred and seventy six office workers were randomly selected in this study form
April to September 2008. One office from Tower 1, in one private building at Kuala Lumpur City Center (KLCC)
categorized as Building A (old building), while another government building, Malaysia Energy Center categorizes as
Building B (new building). Modified IAQ and Work Symptoms Survey, NIOSH Indoor Environmental Quality Survey (1991) was used to measure the SBS occurrence. Measurement of IAQ was performed according to IAQ Code of Practice,
Department Occupational Safety and Health, (DOSH, 2005) Malaysia. Building A and B recorded 93 and 83 respondents
respectively. Ventilation rate were significantly higher in Building B compared to Building A with median 21.10
cfm/person and 18.60 cfm/person respectively (z = -11.70, p < 0.001). Higher prevalence of SBS recorded in Building A,
compared to Building B (????2 = 11.9, p = 0.001). Significantly higher of IAP in Building A compare to B for CO2, CO,
TVOC, PM10, PM2.5, while Building B showed higher concentration of Ultrafine Particle and Temperature Humidity
Index (THI) value. There were significant association between ventilation rate and the prevalence of SBS (OR = 3.13,
95% CI = 1.62 – 6.06). Study result showed that indoor pollutants in old building were high, while new building showed
indoor pollutants high for THI value and UFP. The level of THI and CO2 concentration was major factor contribute to
SBS complain among office workers.

Full Text: PDF DOI: 10.5539/gjhs.v1n2p126

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Global Journal of Health Science   ISSN 1916-9736(Print)   ISSN 1916-9744(Online)

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