Intestinal Parasitic Infestation in Combatants and Their Families: A Hospital-Based Study in Mid-Western Regional Police Hospital, Nepal

Damodar Paudel, Myo Nyein Aung, Bindhya Sharma, Thin Nyein Nyein Aung, Saiyud Moolphate

Abstract


Objective: To find out the scenario of intestinal parasitic infestation in combatants and their families in the setting of Mid-Western Regional Police Hospital (MWRPH), Nepal.

Study Design: Cross-sectional study.

Methods: All 2005 patients presented with the complaint of abdominal pain, diarrhoea, frequent defecation, blood in stool, or black stool from August 2007 to February 2011 were offered a stool examination. About 10g of fresh stool was collected in a clean, dry bottle. Two slides from each specimen were examined applying light microscope in 10 and 40 uvf at Banke, Nepalgunj hospital laboratory.

Result: Among 2005 patients, 928 (46.28%) were infested with either helminths and/or protozoa. 96% were single infestation. The most common infestation was Ascaris lumbricoides (48.06%) and the second was hook worm (18.97%). Most common protozoal infestations were Entamoeba histolytica (12.92%) and Giardia lamblia (9.49%). Helminthic infestations peaked in cool months and protozoal infestations were rather steady throughout the year.

Conclusion: Very high parasitic infestation in least developed mid- western Nepal may need urgent public health intervention.


Full Text: PDF DOI: 10.5539/gjhs.v6n3p9

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Global Journal of Health Science   ISSN 1916-9736(Print)   ISSN 1916-9744(Online)

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