Betel Nut Usage Is a Major Risk Factor for Coronary Artery Disease

Muhammad Shahzeb Khan, Faizan Imran Bawany, Muhammad Umer Ahmed, Mehwish Hussain, Asadullah Khan, Muhammad Nawaz Lashari

Abstract


Aim: The objective of our study was to assess betel nut usage as one of the major risk factors associated with coronary artery disease.

Methods: This case control study consisted of 300 controls and 300 cases. A structured questionnaire was administered to the participants to assess consumption of betel nut and confounding variables. A respondent was considered a regular consumer of betel nut if he/she consumed one or more pieces of betel nut every day for a period of greater than 6 months.

Results: About 8 in 10 betel nut chewers developed coronary artery disease. After adjusting for diabetes and hypertension, the odds ratio analysis depicted 7.72 times greater likelihood for coronary artery disease in patients who chewed betel nut for more than 10 years.

Conclusion: Our study concludes that betel nut chewing is a significant risk factor leading to the development of coronary artery disease.


Full Text: PDF DOI: 10.5539/gjhs.v6n2p189

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Global Journal of Health Science   ISSN 1916-9736(Print)   ISSN 1916-9744(Online)

Copyright © Canadian Center of Science and Education

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the 'ccsenet.org' domain to your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.