Measuring Burden of Diseases in a Rapidly Developing Economy: State of Qatar

Abdulbari Bener, Mahmoud A. Zirie, Eun-Jung Kim, Rama Al Buz, Mouayyad Zaza, Mohammed Al-Nufal, Basma Basha, Edward W Hillhouse, Elio Riboli

Abstract


Background: The Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study has provided a conceptual and methodological framework to quantify and compare the health of populations.

Aim: The objective of the study was to assess the national burden of disease in the population of Qatar using the disability-adjusted life year (DALYs) as a measure of disability.

Methods: We adapted the methodology described by the World Health Organization for conducting burden of disease to calculate years of life lost due to premature mortality (YLL), years lived with disability (YLD) and disability adjusted life years (DALYs). The study was conducted during the period from November 2011 to October 2012.

Results: The study findings revealed that ischemic heart disease (11.8%) and road traffic accidents (10.3%) were the two leading causes of burden of diseases in Qatar in 2010. The burden of diseases among men (222.04) was found three times more than of women’s (71.85). Of the total DALYs, 72.7% was due to non fatal health outcomes and 27.3% was due to premature death. For men, chronic diseases like ischemic heart disease (15.7%) and road traffic accidents (13.7%) accounted great burden and an important source of lost years of healthy life. For women, birth asphyxia and birth trauma (12.6%) and abortion (4.6%) were the two leading causes of disease burden.

Conclusion: The results of the study have shown that the national health priority areas should cover cardiovascular diseases, road traffic accidents and mental health. The burden of diseases among men was three times of women’s.


Full Text: PDF DOI: 10.5539/gjhs.v5n2p134

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Global Journal of Health Science   ISSN 1916-9736(Print)   ISSN 1916-9744(Online)

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