Association between Metabolic Syndrome and Premicroalbuminuria among Iranian women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: a Case Control Study

Amir Ziaee, Sonia Oveisi, Azam Ghorbani, Sima Hashemipour, Maryamsadat Mirenayat

Abstract


Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the association between premicroalbuminuria and metabolic syndrome in women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS).

Methods: In this case – control study, we analyzed the medical records of 78 women (mean age ±SD was 27.2± 2.5 years) with PCOS and 63 controls (mean age ±SD was 26.9±2.4 years) from an endocrinology outpatient center of Buali university hospital Qazvin city in Iran during 2008 to 2010. Anthropometric characteristics, Albumin/Creatinine Ratio (ACR), Lipid profile, Liver enzyme concentration and occurrence of metabolic syndrome were compared between the two groups. Premicroalbuminuria was defined as ACR>7mg/g.

Results: Premicroalbuminuria was found in 53.8% of PCOS and 33.3% of control group (p value=0.015). Patients with PCOS and premicroalbuminuria had higher serum levels of fasting insulin and glucose, blood pressure and more waist circumference compared to PCOS patients who had ACR<7mg/g. Fifty percent of patients with PCOS and ACR>7mg/g fulfilled criteria of metabolic syndrome; whereas no case of metabolic syndrome was found in PCOS patients without premicroalbuminuria.

Conclusions: Premicroalbuminuria is more prevalent in patients with PCOS compared to normal individuals. Metabolic syndrome is more frequently seen in patients with PCOS and premicroalbuminuria against patients with ACR<7mg/g.


Full Text: PDF DOI: 10.5539/gjhs.v5n1p187

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Global Journal of Health Science   ISSN 1916-9736(Print)   ISSN 1916-9744(Online)

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