Men’s Health in Northern British Columbia: Analysis and Reporting of Early Intervention Screening Program Data Related to Cardiovascular Health

Mamdouh M Shubair, Anthony L. Gagne

Abstract


Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a well-established risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Higher rates of T2D are attributable to unhealthy lifestyle factors and a number of clinical and metabolic risk factors. There is paucity of research which investigated the association of lifestyle risk factors and metabolic markers amongst adult men in northern British Columbia (BC). Using a face-to-face screening questionnaire, we assessed the relationships between age, body mass index (BMI), and a number of CVD risk factors in a convenience sample of 123 eligible men recruited from communities across northern BC in February of 2011. In regards to the metabolic risk factors measured through screening blood tests (lipid profiles; blood glucose) responses to the questionnaire were dichotomized into high and low risk categories. These dichotomized variables were subsequently used to determine if significant associations existed with each of the age category variable and a standard BMI categorical variable. There were significant linear relationships between the categorical BMI variable and a number of metabolic risk factors, as well as smoking history. Older age (40+ years) was associated with higher BMI status (overweight/obese). Our findings provide compelling evidence that northern BC men possess a number of clinical, metabolic, and lifestyle risk factors associated with high CV risk. Future studies should examine other sociodemographic variables including occupation status, education attainment, and ethnicity, and other psychosocial determinants which include knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions (KAP) related to T2D and CV risk profile in adult men working and living in northern BC, Canada.


Full Text: PDF DOI: 10.5539/gjhs.v4n4p90

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Global Journal of Health Science   ISSN 1916-9736(Print)   ISSN 1916-9744(Online)

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