A Retrospective Study to Determine the Prevalence and Outcome of Tuberculosis among Patients Who Visited the TB Annex Hospital in Congo Town, Monrovia, Liberia from July 2009 to July 2010

Patrick N. Kpanyen, Gorgui Diouf, Augustine F. Tokpa, Moses W. Toe, Shaofa Nie

Abstract


This study was conducted at the TB Annex Hospital in Monrovia; the capital city for Liberia. The Annex is the
only public health center build currently to treat TB and its related complications. The major aim of this paper
was to determine the rate of sputum positive cases among those who visited the TB Annex Hospital from July
2009 to July 2010 and factors (age, gender, education, time and season) associated with this probability.
Additionally, it was meant to find the rate of treatment compliance and various factors also associated with its
probability. A cross-sectional descriptive study design was used and all the 299 patients who visited the Center
to seek health care’s hospital charts were thoroughly reviewed. Results showed in Figure 1 that the prevalence of
TB was very high among those who visited the TB Annex Hospital. The Exact Binomial Test was used with
p<0.05 and CI (0.864 – 0.934).Accordingly, the monthly incidence of the disease remains very high ranging
from 75% to 100% respectively. Amazingly, in January 2010 alone, all 42 patients who visited the Annex were
sputum positive. During the period under study according to Table 1 and looking at the sputum screening test by
age distribution as a variable, the various age range were set at 0-6,7-12,13-18,19-24, 25-30and 31years and
above respectively. Accordingly, the latter recorded the highest number of patients 126 out of 299 yet with
p>0.05.Out of the 299 patients, 172 was males with 127 females. For their educational level, its corresponding p
is < 0.05 indicating that the disease was distributed based on their level of education. The dry season recorded
133 patients out of which 124 were sputum positive cases. According to Table 2, age group 31 and above
completed their TB treatment(66.09%) and the rest closely dispersed but p>0.05. For gender, the females did
extremely well (80.18%) in complying with treatment than their male counterparts p<0.05. There was no
difference seen with regards to the distribution of the disease by season as a factor.

Full Text: PDF DOI: 10.5539/gjhs.v3n1p110

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Global Journal of Health Science   ISSN 1916-9736(Print)   ISSN 1916-9744(Online)

Copyright © Canadian Center of Science and Education

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the 'ccsenet.org' domain to your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.