Emergence of Zoonotic Myiasis in Vom and Bukuru Metropolis, Jos South LGA, Plateau State, Nigeria

T.I. Ojemudia, A.O. Olabode, O.I. Okeke, C.O.O. Chukwu, B. N. Duru, O. N. Adeyanju, R. I. Ashi, A.U. Nedosa, G.I.A. Dogo

Abstract


A study was carried out to establish the emergence of cutanous myiasis with its zoonotic implication in Vom and
Bukuru metropolis of Jos South Local Government Area of Plateau State. 6 individuals (3 males and 3 females)
who were suspected to have boils on their skin were diagnosed to be 100% infested with the larvae of
Cordylobia anthropophaga. Similarly, in an investigation of dogs, out of 510 dogs examined in Evangelical
Church of West Africa and NVRI Veterinary clinics, 47(9.2%) dogs had larvae in their cutanous tissues. Of 300
dogs from ECWA vet clinic 31 (10.3%) were positive, while 16 (7.6%) were positive from 210 dogs screened in
NVRI vet clinic. All results were statistically significant at P< 0.05. In comparism, the larvae extracted from
human and dogs were all identified to be of Cordylobia anthropophaga. Of 184 Alsatian 13(7.1%) were positive,
of 258 Mongrel 27(10.5%) were positive, 3(21.4%) among 14 Doberman were positive and of 54 Rottweiler
4(7.4%) were positive. Out of the 47 positive cases, 31(66.0%) were female while 16 (34%) were males. Among
the female positive cases Mongrel showed a prevalence of 18(58.1%). Infestation in July showed a high
occurrence of 22(46.8%). Secondary bacterial infection was encountered in two cases of human infestation.

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Global Journal of Health Science   ISSN 1916-9736(Print)   ISSN 1916-9744(Online)

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